Terms of use

Terms of use

Terms & Conditions

This web site and the content is owned and operated by African Instruments All of the content featured or displayed on this web site, CD, including, but not limited to, text, graphics, photographs images ("content") and software is owned by African Instruments and its content providers.

All elements of this African Instruments web site, CD, including, but not limited to, the general design and the content, are protected by trade dress, copyright, moral rights, trademark and other laws relating to intellectual property rights. Except as explicitly permitted under this or another agreement with African Instruments, no portion or element of this web site or its Content may be copied or retransmitted via any means and this web site, its content and all related rights shall remain the exclusive property of African Instruments or its licensors unless otherwise expressly agreed. You shall indemnify African Instruments, its agents and licensors against any losses, expenses, costs or damages incurred by any or all of them as a result of your breach of the terms of this Agreement or your unauthorized use of the content and related rights.


African Instruments would pursue circumstances where it perceives the copyright of its members' work has been breached and where it perceives the law has been broken.

Image Licensing

All images requested through African Instruments are offered on an individual license basis - sometimes referred to as Rights Managed Licensing. The copyright of the image is always retained by the owner and African Instruments The licenses serve to protect the rights of all the owners, African Instruments, the licensee and even the subject matter of the images. When an image is licensed, there will be standard terms and conditions outlined with your specific usage rights. This will be sent to you by post or email once the license has been agreed, with the full African Instruments terms and conditions.

Usage Rights

When an image is licensed by African Instruments, the usage is specified on the term and conditions and cannot be used for any other purpose without further agreement by African Instruments The license will state the media use, language rights and the territories for the usage.

Cropping and Image Manipulation

African Instruments photographs and image must not be altered, cropped or manipulated in any form without permission from African Instruments. The rights to alter any photograph rests with the owner and African Instruments will seek their opinion on any alteration request.


All image must be reproduced with or in the spirit of the accompanying caption. If there is any doubt by the licensee, then verification should be sought before publication. For example, an image of a doctor on a lunch break looking tired, cannot be captioned by the licensee as a lazy doctor taking time off when they should be working.

Credit Lines

With all editorial rights managed photography, the photographer should be credited with any reproduction of their work. The credit line should read © photographer's name/African Instruments. The preferable location for this credit line is immediately adjacent to the image or in the acknowledgements or credits section. For all commercial and advertising uses, we would request that the licensee would use reasonable effort to provide the same credit line.

Published Images

African Instruments would always request at least two copies of any publication featuring an image reproduction upon publication.

Any and all disputes (excluding claims arising in whole or in part, under the South African Copyright Act), arising out of, under or in connection with this agreement, including, without limitation, the validity, interpretation, performance and breach hereof, shall be settled by arbitration in Johannesburg, pursuant to the rules of the South African Arbitration Association. Judgment upon the award rendered may be entered in the highest court of the forum, having jurisdiction. This agreement shall be governed and construed in accordance with the laws of the Republic of South Africa, without regard to conflicts of laws principles. Recipient hereby expressly consents to the jurisdiction of the Federal courts with respect to any claim arising under the South African Copyright Act.